The UK economy has taken a large hit from the devastating consequences of Coronavirus, so much so that we’re headed towards a recession bigger and more disruptive than previous recessions dating back a century.
With lockdown meaning all but ‘essential’ workplaces shut down, the economy ground to a halt, propped up by essential workers and online retailing, plunging the UK into a recession.
Many jobs have been lost altogether, with unemployment skyrocketing and businesses in certain industries like hospitality, retail and events struggling to keep their heads above water.
Here we’ll run through what a recession means for the UK, how this will affect job searching, hiring intent and unemployment levels during the recession, and look to the past to predict the coming months and years.
What is a recession?
The National Bureau of Economic Research defines a recession as ‘a significant decline in economic activity spread across the economy, lasting more than a few months, normally visible in real GDP, real income, employment, industrial production, and wholesale-retail sales’.
But recessions aren’t just a decline in the economy. They mean structural shifts in the economic make-up of the country, leading to businesses collapsing, reduced demand for services, a lack of new growth, increased unemployment, reduced salaries, and more.
In terms of job searching, a recession for the individual means fewer job posts, more candidates vying for the same positions, possible redundancies, and general difficulty securing a new job.
Past UK recessions and jobs
You likely remember the 2008 recession and the fall-out from this. This happened as a result of banks overspending.
Obviously the circumstances leading up to the 2008 recession were very different to those in 2020, which will naturally distinguish the two periods and its effects.
However, there are many similarities that will allow us to predict the new 2020 recession we are entering.
How many jobs were lost during the 2008 recession?
According to the Telegraph, 6.2 million new people claimed for jobseeker’s allowance between April 2008 and November 2009.
And with the 2020 recession set to be more destructive, we could well see these numbers rise.
2020 recession and job losses
Fortunately in the UK, many workers in the UK have only been laid off temporarily and have monetary assistance in the meantime, in contrast to places in the US where workers have simply been made redundant.
However, many people in the UK still have lost their jobs altogether.
The Institute for Social and Economic Research at the University of Essex have predicted that there could be over 6.5 million jobs lost due to economic fallout.
Will companies be hiring during a recession?
New hires during the recession are likely to decrease as companies lose work and revenue.
Companies who are struggling and not getting enough business will likely be reducing their number of staff, rather than taking on new employees.
Young university graduates and college leavers are particularly at risk – finding a first job without experience can be difficult enough even without a struggling economy.
Similarly, graduates are usually the first to be laid off from a company when a recession strikes, simply based on experience and time in the role.
As companies get back on their feet they’ll begin hiring again, but it’s unknown how long this will take. The OBR predicted that it would take another three years for the unemployment rate to fall below four percent.
Recession-proof jobs and jobs hit hardest by recession
100% recession-proof jobs don’t exist, unfortunately. Whether a job post survives depends on many factors such as the role, the location and the employee.
However, the following industries are deemed to be essential roles that will always have work coming in, and are therefore considered ‘recession-proof’:
Accountants & Auditors
Auto Mechanics & Body Shops
Jobs hit hardest by recession include jobs at new start-ups, charities, and businesses which were struggling even before the recession.
How to protect your job search during a recession
To recession-proof your job search, you need to be putting extra effort into your applications, as well as making your applications truly count.
Assess your situation and whether you’d be best off staying in your current role, moving up within the company, or looking elsewhere.
Remember, there will be increased competition and so you need to get this right, and your application needs to stand out.
Here’s our top tips for job searching during a recession:
- Be realistic. If you’re on a certain salary, decide whether you can realistically go for a job which is paid less, but will mean you have steady work.
- Take extra time on applications, get them perfect.
- Make your CV bulletproof – get help from a professional if necessary.
- Do what you can to research the company and position fully – be thorough. Make it count.
- Now might not be the best time for career advancement, so consider whether you should be going for jobs on your current level, or a sideways move, rather than upwards.
- By all means apply for higher roles etc, there’s no harm in reaching high, but don’t let it demotivate you if you’re unsuccessful.
- Call on your network to help you out. Someone you know’s company might be doing well, and looking for a spare pair of hands.
Recession and jobs: Conclusion
The UK is heading into a recession like no previous recession seen before, surpassing even the Wall Street crash of the 1920s.
There will undoubtedly be job losses and companies going under, with unemployment set to rise.
However, it’s not all doom and gloom, there’s prosperity on the horizon – with some experts saying we can bounce back from the coronavirus 2020 recession relatively quickly.
In the meantime, protect yourself by giving yourself the best opportunity of getting the job you want or need.
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