When it comes to planning your CV the format seems simple enough, some personal information, a little bit about your work history, a couple of references and then your CV is done. Putting together a well-planned CV however takes more thought; did you know there are a few different types of CV available?
The three main types of CV will fit most industries, these different types are:
- Functional CV
- Chronological CV
- Combined CV
A functional CV is used to place emphasis on the skills and experience you have gained over your career rather than displaying your work history. A functional CV can be started with a personal statement and then your achievements and sections about skills or abilities. You can include any skills you’ve gained from work experience or voluntary roles. This type of CV is suited for those who have changed jobs frequently over time or are looking to change career and need to focus on transferable skills. To finish off a functional CV you should still list your previous employment and employers and include a section on your qualifications. If you are wishing to highlight your career progression then it may be a better idea to use a chronological CV format.
This is the most commonly used CV; you will display your employment history in reverse chronological order. The key sections will display your education and qualifications, this CV will suit those in the medical or qualification focused industries. The typical chronological CV will include these following sections, personal details, personal statement with career objectives, employment in reverse order, your more relevant job qualifications, and then your hobbies and interests.
This traditional CV is popular with employers as it gives them the chance to get a feel for your career progression. Your career progression is easy to see and you won’t always need an achievements section to fill out extra information. For those who have some gap in their employment history that they wish not to highlight a functional CV would be the preferable option.
This type of CV is more unusual and may be lengthier as it will combine the best elements of the chronological and functional CV. You could achieve this by writing out your employment history and then adding in the extra detail of your career achievements in each job role. For those with a very strong career path and awards or achievement the combined CV is the ideal format to use. This type of CV however is not ideal for those with little experience and achievements to their name. For those with employment gaps this CV may not always make you look favourable to employers.
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